I’ve decided to write my final paper on human trafficking; after looking at the long list of topic suggestions, I felt that the current issue of human trafficking should have more attention brought to it. I am also interested in this topic because of the many films produced on human trafficking. Films such as Forgotten, Memoirs of a Geisha, Trade, and Slumdog Millionaire.
The Bureau of Justice issued many statistics on human trafficking. The statistics that caught my eye consisted of the total number of suspected incidents of human trafficking from 2008-2010, the difference in sex trafficking investigations verse labor trafficking investigations and the demographics of the leading suspects. I found it very disturbing that federal agencies were more likely to lead labor trafficking investigations over sex trafficking investigations and therefore I’ve decided to focus my paper on sex trafficking. Sex trafficking is a form of human trafficking consisting of the recruitment, transportation, transfer, and harboring of individuals. Another form of sex trafficking is using persons for the use of commercial sexual exploitation. The illegal implication of sex trafficking is completed through fraud, deception, threat or use of force, abuse of a position of vulnerability, and other forms of coercion.
I found the trafficking Victims Protection Act very useful for understanding the current policies for human trafficking, but ran into issues concerning laws and regulations specifically for sex trafficking. In the trafficking Victims Protection Act, the act fails to include many policy implications for sexual trafficking. The first grey area is refereeing to the definition of sexual trafficking; it defines sexual trafficking as “…recruitment, harboring, transportation provision or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act.” This definition is lacking the terms force, fraud, or coercion, without these three key words there is no sexual trafficking law that protects individuals from force, fraud, or coercion. Based on the problematic areas in the Victims Protection Act stated above as well as additional findings on grey areas in the already existing policies, I hope to find solutions and recommendations that should be implemented.